Frame Technology

FRAME FEATURES
Understanding Frame Efficiency

TUBING 101
Butted Tubing
Comparisions
Tubing Refinements
Relative Weight Index
Developments

FRAME NOTES
Chromoly
Aluminum
Niobium
Scandium
Titanium
Carbon

The IsoGrid® Story

NIOBIUM FRAME NOTES

CroMoly, the typical steel alloy that’s been used for decades, is commonly drawn to 9/6/9 gauges. The seamless CroMoly used by Santana can be drawn to a higher-performance 8/5/8. Some tubing manufacturers harden their tubes in order to achieve 7/4/7. Because hardened tubes are brittle, a frame built from these tubes is more easily damaged and has a shortened fatigue life. While hardened tubes aren’t a bad choice for a (more disposable) single bike, a good tandem should endure for decades.

In concert with German car manufacturers, Columbus has developed a lightweight alloy tube to protect passengers against side impact intrusion. Columbus’ amazing Niobium is not only an achievement in automotive safety, a double-butted version of this tube heralds a new era of bicycle design. Because this new steel alloy gets its strength from rare elements instead of a risky heat treatment process, dependable impact-resistant tubes can be butted to 6/3/6 gauges. Since Santana alone builds tandems from this material, if you want the planet’s lightest, strongest and fastest steel tandem, don't settle for anything less than Santana's Spirit.